Technology of plasmo-chemical hydrocracking of oil fractions. Advantages of a steam-water electric-arc plasma for plasmo-chemical hydrocracking of oil fractions. Comparison of industrial processes of a thermal cracking of oil fractions.
Plasma is the quasineutral gas of charged and neutral particles, the concentration of which is sufficient to ensure that the space charge created by them limits their movement.
Plasma hydrocracking is the process of heavy hydrocarbon fractions cracking at a pressure close to atmospheric pressure using low-temperature plasma factors as a highly concentrated heating source and a catalytically active medium, as well as hydrogen-containing gases as hydrogen donors for hydrogenation.